Always begin the process of repressurising your boiler by checking your boiler manual. Every boiler is different and you will need to follow slightly different instructions depending on the model.
As a general guide, follow these steps:
1. Turn off the boiler. The entire heating system needs to cool before work can be carried out on it.
2. Inspect the boiler filling loop. This is a silver connection between the mains and the primary central heating circuit. One end will have a handle valve while the other end will have an isolation valve. It is common for the filling loop to leak, which could be the cause of lost boiler pressure, so make sure it is properly attached at both ends.
3. Turn the isolation valve anti-clockwise until the line on the valve is directly in line with the pipe. A flat head screwdriver is usually the best tool for this.
4. Turn the handle valve anti-clockwise. This allows water to flow through the system, rebalancing the pressure levels.
5. Watch the pressure gauge as you do this. You should see the gauge increase as you open the handle valve. Stop once it reaches the recommended level for your boiler.
6. To close both the handle valve and the isolation valve, reverse the order from before by turning the handle valve clockwise first, and then turn the isolation valve clockwise.
7. Turn the boiler on and check to see if it is now working correctly.